Descriptive epidemiological study

Descriptive epidemiology | definition of descriptive ...

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descriptive epidemiology the first stage in an epidemiologic study, in which a disease that has occurred is examined. Data necessary in this phase include time and place of occurrence and the characteristics of the persons affected. Tentative theories regarding the cause of the disease are advanced and a hypothesis is formulated.

Descriptive epidemiology | definition of descriptive ...

ssw.unc.edu

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Descriptive Epidemiology - SPH

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Descriptive epidemiology can thus generate hypotheses of etiologic research. Ecologic study and cross-sectional study (see Chapter 4) are the most commonly applied in descriptive epidemiologic studies. For example, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey is a cross-sectional study.

Descriptive Epidemiology - SPH

Descriptive Epidemiology - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

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4/4/2012 · I will argue that when the individual is the unit of analysis and the disease outcome under study is dichotomous, then epidemiological study designs can best be classified according to two criteria: (i) the type of outcome under study (incidence or prevalence) and (ii) whether there is sampling on the basis of the outcome.

Descriptive Epidemiology - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Classification of epidemiological study designs ...

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related to descriptive epidemiology and subcategories of vari-ables that make up person, place, and time. Consider the example of a descriptive epidemiologic study of children who were exclusively breastfed.The practice of breastfeeding has been recommended for reinforcing the health of babies and mothers and promoting mother-child bonding.

Classification of epidemiological study designs ...

Descriptive Epidemiology: Patterns of Disease— Person ...

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Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is the cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare.

Descriptive Epidemiology: Patterns of Disease— Person ...

Epidemiology - Wikipedia

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Descriptive and Analytic Studies Example: Cross-Sectional Study Objective • To estimate the magnitude and patterns of violence against pregnant women Study • Population-based, household, cross-sectional study in Mbeya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2001-2002 Result • Violence experienced by 7% in Dar es Salaam and 12% in Mbeya

Epidemiology - Wikipedia

Descriptive and Analytic Studies

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The Division maintains a broad-ranging, multi-faceted program of descriptive epidemiological studies utilizing a variety of methodological approaches to identify novel risk factors, evaluate tumor heterogeneity, describe current and future trends of common and rare malignancies, and project risk for second primary cancers.

Descriptive and Analytic Studies

Descriptive Epidemiology Studies - National Cancer Institute

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5/5/2017 · This video gives a simple overview of the most common types of epidemiological studies, their advantages and disadvantages. These include ecological, case-series, case control, cohort and ...

Descriptive Epidemiology Studies - National Cancer Institute

Epidemiological Studies - made easy! - YouTube

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Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease), and the application of this study to the control of diseases and other health problems. ... Various methods can be used to carry out epidemiological investigations: surveillance and descriptive studies can be used to study ...

Epidemiological Studies - made easy! - YouTube

WHO | Epidemiology

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cases and controls can be selected for study in order to avoid confounding bias by this exposure. Techniques are also available to assess and control confounding during the data analysis. In an experimental epidemiological study, randomization is possible; that is, each individual in the study has an equal or random chance of

WHO | Epidemiology

5. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES - who.int

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8/25/2017 · After the first year of life, cancers are the commonest cause of death in children. Incidence rates vary between ethnic groups, and recent advances in data linkage allow for a more accurate estimation of these variations. Identifying such differences may help identify potential risk or protective factors for certain childhood cancers. This study thus aims to ascertain whether such differences ...

5. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES - who.int

Childhood cancer incidence by ethnic group in England ...

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12/30/2010 · Characteristics of martial art injuries in a defined Canadian population: a descriptive epidemiological study. Mark McPherson 1 and William Pickett 1, 2 ... Descriptive statistics were used to profile key characteristics of the injuries sustained: demographics, timing, severity, cause and nature of the injury. ... This study was able to ...

Childhood cancer incidence by ethnic group in England ...

Characteristics of martial art injuries in a defined ...

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A descriptive epidemiological study was conducted . to ex amine injury patterns sustained by quidditch . club members registered with the national gov erning . body, Quidditch UK.

Characteristics of martial art injuries in a defined ...

INJURIES IN QUIDDITCH: A DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY

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8/8/2016 · Rabies in China remains a public health problem. In 2014, nearly one thousand rabies-related deaths were reported while rabies geographic distribution has expanded for the recent years. This report used surveillance data to describe the epidemiological characteristics of human rabies in China ...

INJURIES IN QUIDDITCH: A DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY

Study Types in Epidemiology — Northwest Center for Public ...

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An alternate stimulus to investigation may come from a surveillance activity or descriptive study. The descriptive study might be a re-analysis of data collected for some other purpose (e.g., from a national population survey or possibly from an analytic study of another hypothesis or even another disease), a mapping study in which disease ...

Study Types in Epidemiology — Northwest Center for Public ...

Human Rabies in China, 1960-2014: A Descriptive ...

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This snapshot descriptive epidemiological study examines 30 positive cases of Giardia of which 72% (n = 21) were shown to be assemblage A, 14% (n = 4) assemblage B and 10% (n = 3) mixed assemblages (A and B). There was a 2:3 female:male ratio of affected individuals with foreign travel recorded in 22 of these cases. The commonest symptom was ...

Human Rabies in China, 1960-2014: A Descriptive ...

Epidemiologic study designs - Epidemiology learning materials

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8/12/2016 · The incidence and severity of football-related injuries has been found to differ strongly between professional leagues from different countries. The aims of this study were to record the incidence, type and severity of injuries in Kosovarian football players and investigate the relationship between injury incidence rates (IRs), players’ age and playing positions.

Epidemiologic study designs - Epidemiology learning materials

Genotyping of Giardia isolates in Scotland: a descriptive ...

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disadvantages of descriptive studies, provide examples of several types of descriptive study, examine their clinical uses, and show how they can be misinterpreted. The descriptive triad—or pentad? Five “W” questions Traditional descriptive epidemiology has focused on three key features: person, place, and time,4 or agent, host, and

Genotyping of Giardia isolates in Scotland: a descriptive ...

Injuries in professional male football players in Kosovo ...

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: A descriptive epidemiological study was conducted on 258 patients presenting with pulmonary tuberculosis. Patients’ sputa were col-lected for laboratory analysis and patients were required to respond to a structured questionnaire on risk factors for transmission. Data among stratified groups were compared using bivariate analysis.

Injuries in professional male football players in Kosovo ...

Descriptive studies: what they can and cannot do

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Author Summary China is a high-risk environment for rabies, with human rabies cases second only to India globally. This paper reviews 55 years of rabies epidemiology in mainland China, and detailed analysis of data in recent years. In this study, notifiable surveillance data were analyzed and found that rabies still remains a serious public health problem in China, the east and south regions ...

Descriptive studies: what they can and cannot do
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